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Demographic changes to boost Brazil's investment appeal


In Brazil, we believe a demographic and social phenomenon is underway as a growing proportion of the population enter the most economically active period of their life.

Some economists have termed this shift in the population profile of Brazil as a demographic bonus because it is likely to strengthen the dynamics of the domestic economy and further boost the country's development.

A recent study by the University of Minas Gerais concluded that Brazil has the potential to grow GDP 2.5% per year as a result of this demographic bonus. This scenario on its own would increase the size of the economy to $3.3 trillion by 2030, about 50% more than what it is today.

A more upbeat and positive scenario, not too unreasonable given the likelihood that the maturing population could be used to drive reforms in areas such as social security and pensions over the next two decades, could see an economy with a GDP of $7 trillion and a per capita income level comparable with Spain today.

Get more an Brazil and the rest of the BRIC component nations in the Interactive Investor Guide to BRIC

Studies show that the demographics bonus was responsible for about a third of the growth rate for Asian 'tiger' economies between 1965 and 1990 (source: Exame, December 2010).

The average life expectancy in Brazil is currently 73, above the world average of 67.2 but still below Western levels. The average age of the population in Brazil in 2010 was 29 years. This figure has been gradually increasing over the past 30 years, a trend not likely to be interrupted for some time yet

A maturing nation

The average Brazilian is entering her most economically productive years.

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